Iron Deficiency Anemia in Women

You can prevent and manage iron deficiency by eating iron-rich foods and using techniques to improve iron absorption.

Iron Deficiency Anemia in Women
Iron Deficiency Anemia in Women

Iron deficiency anemia is a common nutritional disorder that affects a significant number of women worldwide. It occurs when the body does not have enough iron to produce sufficient red blood cells, resulting in fatigue, weakness, and other symptoms. While iron supplements are often prescribed to treat anemia, proper nutrition plays a crucial role in preventing and managing iron deficiency. In this blog, we will explore the impact of nutrition on iron levels and discuss evidence-based dietary strategies to maintain optimal iron levels.

How to increase iron content in the diet ?

1.Iron-Rich Foods: Consuming a diet rich in iron is essential for preventing and managing iron deficiency anemia. There are two types of dietary iron: heme iron, found in animal-based foods, and non-heme iron, found in plant-based sources. Heme iron is more easily absorbed by the body. Include iron-rich foods such as lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, legumes, dark green leafy vegetables, and fortified cereals in your diet. These foods provide the necessary iron for the production of red blood cells and help maintain iron stores in the body.

2. Enhancing Iron Absorption: While consuming iron-rich foods is important, it is equally crucial to enhance iron absorption. The absorption of non-heme iron can be improved by combining it with a source of vitamin C. Including fruits rich in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits, strawberries, and kiwi, can enhance iron absorption. On the other hand, certain substances can inhibit iron absorption, such as phytates found in whole grains and legumes and tannins present in tea and coffee. To maximize iron absorption, it is advisable to consume these substances separately from iron-rich meals.

3. Iron and Vitamin C Combo: Combining iron-rich foods with those high in vitamin C can be a powerful strategy to boost iron absorption. For example, adding a squeeze of lemon juice to iron-rich spinach salad or pairing a lean meat dish with a citrus fruit salad can significantly enhance iron absorption. Vitamin C helps convert non-heme iron into a form that the body can readily absorb, ensuring optimal utilization of dietary iron.

4. Avoiding Calcium-Rich Foods with Iron Sources: Calcium can interfere with iron absorption when consumed together. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid consuming calcium-rich foods, such as dairy products, and iron-rich foods simultaneously. Instead, consider separating meals containing iron and calcium by a few hours to optimize iron absorption. If you need to take calcium supplements, it's advisable to take them at a different time of day than your iron supplements or iron-rich meals.

How to increase iron content if someone is a vegetarian or vegan ?

Include plant-based iron sources with vitamin C-rich foods because plant-based iron sources are mainly non-heme iron, which is less readily absorbed. However, pairing these iron-rich plant foods with vitamin C-rich foods can significantly enhance iron absorption. For example, combining lentils or beans with a side of bell peppers or consuming iron-fortified cereal with a glass of orange juice can help increase iron absorption.


Maintaining optimal iron levels is crucial for overall health, particularly for women who are more prone to iron deficiency anemia. By incorporating iron-rich foods into your diet and employing strategies to enhance iron absorption, you can prevent and manage iron deficiency. Including lean meats, poultry, fish, legumes, dark green leafy vegetables, and fortified cereals in your meals ensures an adequate intake of dietary iron.

Combining iron-rich foods with sources of vitamin C, such as citrus fruits, helps optimize iron absorption. Avoiding calcium-rich foods and separating tea or coffee consumption from iron-rich meals further supports iron absorption. For individuals with chronic iron deficiency or severe anemia, iron supplementation under medical supervision may be necessary.

Jayti Shah is a Clinical Nutritionist with a master's degree in Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics. She is a member of the Indian Dietetic Association (IDA). Over the last 9 years, she has helped 400 clients in their clinical and weight loss journeys. She works with SocialBoat as a nutrition consultant.

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